Bidding Weak Two or Three are ways to open the bidding when you have a long suit, but only 6 to 11 points. These bids have preemptive value in that they interfere with your opponents bidding by taking away bidding room.
Note: These are one-time communications to your partner, that you have a run-able suit, and possibly a fit. Your partner is now in command of the bidding. He/she is aware of the shape of your hand and its point value.
- Consider your bidding position.
- When dealer, its is a good time to bid.
- 2nd Seat is the worst time to preempt.
- RHO passes, so there is a good chance the hand belongs to you and your partner.
- You don’t want to preempt your partner.
- Preempts from this position need to be strong.
- 3rd Seat:
- 4th Seat:
- Point count under 9, pass the hand out.
- Point range 9 – 13 points (Ace, Queen, Jack, X, with a side Ace)
- Consider your vulnerability.
- If you hand meets the rule of 20, open at the one level
- 6 Trump cards, including one of the following:
- Consider vulnerability before bidding.
- Don’t open weak with a 4-card major.
- Hands with less than 12 points – otherwise you should be opening at the one level in your suit.
With 6 cards in a suit – bid level 2♦, 2♥, or 2♠
- Note that 2♣ is not listed – 2♣ is a artificially strong bid of 22+ points in any suit called a Strong Two.
- 6 strong clubs can be opened at the 3 level, consider rule of 20.
With 7+ cards in a suit – bid level 3 of suit – This is called a preemptive bid. Use the above guidelines for hand evaluation, but with 7 trump, you can open weaker than with a 6 card suit.
- Partner has less than opening hand values
- Partner has no cards in your long suit
- Partners stronger hand will be displayed if you win the bid
Here is a reminder for the number of tricks at a level.
What’s partner’s next bid?
- Bid 2NT with a balanced hand and 8+ points
- Bid your partner’s suit with 16+ points
- Bid your partner’s suit with four trump regardless of points
Law of Total Tricks (Not for slam hands – 20+ points)
Rule of 17:
- look for game bid (2NT).
Game Interest: Responder to a weak opening can ask if you have a high card in another suit by bidding 2NT.
2♥ > 2NT > 3♥ (has minimum hand, repeat suit)
2♥ > 2NT > 3x (x suit with a high card – Ace, King; not shortness)
2♥ > 2NT > 3NT (a good hand that can be run in NT)
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What if your opponents have already opened the bidding? Can a weak bid still be made?
Yes! but you may need to jump an additional level.
- If there is bidding room at the current level, a bid at the next level is a weak bid. Exp: 1♦ > 2♥ (weak)
- If there is not bidding room, you must jump two levels to bid a weak hand. Exp: 1♠ > 3♥ (weak)
- 2 levels for a bid weak
- 3 levels (preemptive) and 7 cards in a suit.
- 4 levels with 8 or 9 cards in a suit and 6+ points is a closeout bid – communicating ‘slam not advised’.