Weak Twos / Preemptive Three Bids

Bidding Weak Two or Three are ways to open the bidding when you have a long suit, but only 6 to 11 points. These bids have preemptive value in that they interfere with your opponents bidding by taking away bidding room.  

Note: These are one-time communications to your partner, that you have a run-able suit, and possibly a fit.  Your partner is now in command of the bidding.  He/she is aware of the shape of your hand and its point value.

  1. Consider your bidding position.
    1. When dealer, its is a good time to bid. 
    2. 2nd Seat is the worst time to preempt.
      • RHO passes, so there is a good chance the hand belongs to you and your partner.
      • You don’t want to preempt your partner.
      • Preempts from this position need to be strong.
    3. 3rd Seat:
      • Is the best time to preempt, your side doesn’t have a good contact.
      • Favorable vulnerability is the best time to preempt – anything goes.  
    4. 4th Seat:
      • Point count under 9, pass the hand out.
      • Point range 9 – 13 points (Ace, Queen, Jack, X, with a side Ace)
  2. Consider your vulnerability.  
    • Best time to preempt is when you are not-vulnerable and your opponent is vulnerable – Favorable Vulnerability.
    • If you are vulnerable, you’ll need a better suit to preempt.

Recommendations:

  1. If you hand meets the rule of 20, open at the one level
  2. 6 Trump cards, including one of the following:
    • Ace + King in trump
    • 2 of the top 3 honor cards in trump
    • 3 of 5 honor cards in trump
    • 2 of the top 4 honors, with good intermediate cards (8-10). (Conservative)
    • Middle cards (Queen – 8) are better than some high & low cards.
    • 8 Quick Tricks  (have also heard)
  3. Consider vulnerability before bidding.
  4. Don’t open weak with a 4-card major.
  5. Hands with less than 12 points – otherwise you should be opening at the one level in your suit.

 

With 6 cards in a suit – bid level 2, 2, or 2

  • Note that 2 is not listed – 2 is a artificially strong bid of 22+ points in any suit called a Strong Two.
    • 6 strong clubs can be opened at the 3 level, consider rule of  20.

With 7+ cards in a suit – bid level 3 of suit – This is called a preemptive bid.  Use the above guidelines for hand evaluation, but with 7 trump, you can open weaker than with a 6 card suit.

Pitfalls:

  • Partner has less than opening hand values
  • Partner has no cards in your long suit
  • Partners stronger hand will be displayed if you win the bid

Here is a reminder for the number of tricks at a level.

 

What’s partner’s next bid?

  • Bid 2NT with a balanced hand and 8+ points
  • Bid your partner’s suit with 16+ points
  • Bid your partner’s suit with four trump regardless of points

Law of Total Tricks  (Not for slam hands – 20+ points)

Rule of 17:

# HCP + # Trump = 17, consider game.  

  •  look for game bid (2NT).

 

Game Interest:  Responder to a weak opening can ask if you have a high card in another suit by bidding 2NT.

Feature:

2 > 2NT > 3 (has minimum hand, repeat suit)

2 > 2NT > 3x  (x suit with a high card – Ace, King; not shortness)

2 > 2NT > 3NT  (a good hand that can be run in NT)

 

– * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * – * 

 

What if your opponents have already opened the bidding?  Can a weak bid still be made?

Yes!  but you may need to jump an additional level.

Pay attention!

  1. If there is bidding room at the current level, a bid at the next level is a weak bid.     Exp:  1  > 2 (weak)
  2. If there is not bidding room, you must jump two levels to bid a weak hand.    Exp:  1 > 3 (weak)

Spelled out:

  • 2 levels for a bid weak 
  • 3 levels (preemptive) and 7 cards in a suit.
  • 4 levels with 8 or 9 cards in a suit and 6+ points is a closeout bid – communicating ‘slam not advised’.